London, United Kingdom: Geoffrey Chaucer 25 October 1400 known as the Father of English literature is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to be buried in Poets’ Corner of Westminster Abbey.
While he achieved fame during his lifetime as an author philosopher and astronomer composing a scientific treatise on the astrolabe for his ten-year-old son Lewis Chaucer also maintained an active career in the civil service as a bureaucrat courtier and diplomat. Among his many works are The Book of the Duchess The House of Fame The Legend of Good Women and Troilus and Criseyde. He is best known today for The Canterbury Tales.
Chaucer work was crucial in legitimizing the literary use of the Middle English vernacular at a time when the dominant literary languages in England were French and Latin.